The arctic fox is a little mammal.
This specie lives in Alaska, Canada, Greenland, Russia, Norway, Scandinavia and Iceland; in the zone of tundra, especially in meadow. So really in very cold places, but they prefer where the snow is not so deep. That give an interesting advantage to them, usually there are no humans near.
This animal sizes 2.9 to 9.5 kilograms, is 25 to 30 centimetres tall to the shoulder and is 80 to 110 centimetres long. Usually males are higher than females.
Their colour is one of the main characteristic, during the winter is white and brown or grey in spring or summer. This is an adaptation to survive, because they adapt their colour to hide better in the snow or without it, that’s depending of the season and the main colour in their habitat.
They have a really thick skin, that protect them in the very cold environment where they live. This skin is present also in their feet, that’s to allow them to walk in the snow without freeze.
Other characteristic very interesting is their ears (long and pointed) and their sniffer’s nose, that allow them hunt during the night (because they are nocturnal)
Arctic foxes are a very social, their behaviour is different from another foxes (usually alone).
Living in such cold environment, they need to be really good in hunting all kind of small mammals. An arctic fox can hear their prey under the snow, then it jumps over them. They principally eat lemming, and sometimes seals and fish.
Their period of gestation is 52 days, and a female can have till 25 puppies (over the other fox types). That’s because usually dies more than in the other types due to the cold environment where they live.